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Andromeda

Andromeda

Parents:
Spouse:
Species:
Human
Title
Princess


In Greek Mythology, Andromeda was the daughter of Kepheus and Kassiopeia, king and queen of the Phoenician kingdom of Ethiopia.

Myth

Andromeda's mother Kassiopeia, bragged that she was more beautiful than Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty. To punish the Queen for her arrogance, Zeus got Poseidon to release the Ketos Aithiopios (or Ethiopian Cetus) to ravage the coast of Ethiopia including the kingdom of the vain Queen. The desperate King consulted the Oracle of Zeus, who announced that no respite would be found until the king sacrificed his virgin daughter Andromeda to the monster. She was stripped naked and chained to a rock on the coast of Jaffa.

Perseus, returning from having slain the Gorgon Medusa, found Andromeda and slew the sea monster Cetus by using Hades borrowed Helm of Darkness and Hermes's winged shoes. set her free, and married her in spite of Andromeda having been previously promised to her uncle Phineus. At the wedding a quarrel took place between the rivals, and Phineus was turned to stone by the sight of the Gorgon's head.

Andromeda followed her husband to Tiryns in Argos, and together they became the ancestors of the family of the Perseidae through the line of their son Perses. Perseus and Andromeda had seven sons: Perseides, Alcaeus, Perses, Heleus, Mestor, Sthenelus, and Electryon, and two daughters, Gorgophone and Autochthe[1].

After her death, Andromeda was placed by Athena amongst the constellations in the northern sky, near Perseus and Cassiopeia.

Legacy

Andromeda's children to Perseus are known as the Perseides, "those born of Perseus". The following generations from these children are all members of the House of Perseus.[2][3] Their descendants ruled Mycenae from Electryon down to Eurystheus, after whom Atreus attained the kingdom, and would also include the great hero Heracles. According to the Roman poet Plato, Perses is the ancestor of the Persians.[4] The first generation of Perseides, are as follows:

  1. Perses
  2. Alcaeus
  3. Heleus
  4. Mestor
  5. Electryon
  6. Sthenelus
  7. Gorgophone
  8. Autochthe

Gallery

Other Names

  • Cassiopeia (as a constellation)
  • Ανδρομέδα (in Greek)

References

  1. Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 2. 4. 5
  2. See: Greek Myth Index: Perseides
  3. Royal Houses of Argolis: Perseides
  4. Sacks, Murray & Brody. Encyclopedia of the ancient Greek world, 2005. p.256

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