Hecate is the goddess of magic, crossroads, ghosts, the moon, necromancy, and witchcraft. She lived in the Underworld and was said to be a virgin goddess like Athena, Artemis and Hestia (however Circe and Medea are said to be her children). She was one of the main gods worshiped in Athenian households as a protective goddess and one who bestowed prosperity and daily blessings on the family.
Her name comes from the Ancient Greek word for will.
- Asteria - mother
- Perses - father
- Persephone - friend
Hecate received powers over heaven, earth, and sea from her parents. During the Titonmachy, she sided with the Olympians and as a result, Zeus allowed her control over all domains and let her become one of the only free Titans. She also has power over magic and witchcraft. She can also summon the dead.
Hecate helped Demeter in her searches for Persephone by holding torches for Demeter at night. After their reunion, Hecate became a close friend of Persephone.
Another myth explains her symbols, the black dog and a polecat. The black dog was once Queen Hecuba, who leap into the sea after the fall of Troy. Hecate turned her into a black dog and made her her familiar. The polecat has two origins. The first being a witch named Gale, who was punished for her incontinence by being turned into a polecat.
The other being that when Alcmene was giving birth to Heracles, Hera told Eilithyia not to release the birth. But Alcmene's nurse saw Eilithyia and yelled "The baby has arrived!" Eilithyia let go of the birth and looked shocked. When Eilithyia realized that she had been tricked she turned the nurse into a polecat.
Hecate was usually wearing a knee length dress with hunting boots like Artemis. She usually had a burning torch in each hand and three heads. Symbolizing that she was the goddess of crossroads.
Hecate, in popular art, was depicted as having three heads. One of a young maiden, a mother, and a Crone. Thus symbolised the cycle of life and is still a popular symbol in Wiccan practice.
- Black Dog
- Trivia, in Roman Mythology